Constructivism


Behaviorism


Cognitivism

Major Players
  • Jean-Jacques Piaget
  • Lev Vygotsky

Theory in a Nutshell

In this theory, a learner assimilates new knowledge by starting with their own experiences and opinions. The learner then constructs the new knowledge through social interactions with others. Learners are motivated externally, but through exploration rather than positive or negative stimuli. The teacher provides scaffolding, or connected activities and ideas, which help guide the learner from what they know to what they can know (zone of proximal development). 


Resources

https://iite.unesco.org/pics/publications/en/files/3214730.pdf

https://www.simplypsychology.org/Zone-of-Proximal-Development.html

https://cmapsconverted.ihmc.us/rid=1N5QXBJZF-20SG67F-32D4/Kim%20Social%20constructivism.pdf

https://www.simplypsychology.org/vygotsky.html

http://www.ucdoer.ie/index.php/Education_Theory/Constructivism_and_Social_Constructivism_in_the_Classroom

https://d37djvu3ytnwxt.cloudfront.net/assets/courseware/v1/aaa862628da7db7ceb1d7d29629656bb/asset-v1:USMx+LDT100x+2T2017_2+type@asset+block/vygot_chap6.pdf

Social Constructivism