Professors split their work between the following obligations:
For class responsibilities:
Depending on the university, a professor is required to generate a large amount of original research, especially research that can bring in money for the university. Professors read, write, travel, and experiment to generate the research. Some professors run labs or departments as well.
All professors must participate in the culture of the university as members of assorted committees, such as program development, finance, employment, advising, public health, departmental, cross-departmental, and university-wide initiatives.
Tenure: A Controversy
Tenure is often controversial, because it prevents professors from being fired. Professors who are lousy teachers or behaving unethically can not be easily removed. However, tenure means university professors have the freedom to engage in meaningful work on controversial situations. Progress cannot occur if a person cannot ask important questions, discuss issues freely, and bring their findings to the general public.
“Role of the Faculty Member,” University of North Georgia
Roney, Lisa. (December 13, 2017). “What do Professors do all day? (I’ve Been Trying to Answer Most of My Life).” University of Central Florida. https://www.ucf.edu/news/what-do-professors-do-all-day/
“Statement of Professional Ethics,” American Association of University Professors. https://www.aaup.org/report/statement-professional-ethics
“Tenure.” American Associate of University Professors. https://www.aaup.org/issues/tenure